Gushikawa Castle Ruins: Picturesque cliff on mainland Okinawa's southern tip

Gushikawa Castle Ruins: Picturesque cliff on mainland Okinawa's southern tip

by Sherilyn Siy
JapanTravel

Not far from Cafe and Gallery Umito are the picturesque ruins of the Gushikawa Castle.

There isn't much to appreciate structure-wise as there is very little left of what must have been an impressive building with a magnificent backdrop. To be fair, the castle is estimated to be roughly from the 13th to the 15th century and must have been exposed to the harshest of seaside weather. We were there on a windy day and can get an idea of what it could be like when the area is hit by typhoons.

What is left of the ruins sits 17 meters above sea level on a cliff west of Cape Kyan on the southern tip of Okinawa's mainland. The defensive walls of the castle are 5-10 meters tall and are characterized by the Nozura stone layering technique (also called rubble masonry). The rocks have not been processed. Pieces of naturally rough and undressed stones are simply laid on each other. This is different from cut stone used for the castle gate on the east side facing the land.

It appears that there are two parts to the castle, with a natural cave or a blowhole that connects to the sea, which was probably used to bring up or lower supplies to and from ships, or for a quick secret flight from enemies. That blowhole is currently blocked off with a railing and spelunking is discouraged as the area can be dangerous.

Though this place is out of the way, visitors will be rewarded with a superb view of the sea on three sides.

The castle is said to have been built by the lord Makanekui-Aji who escaped from Kumejima. In 1972, it was designated a National Historic Site.

Getting there

The Gushikawa Castle Ruins is about a 16 minute walk from Kyan Bus Stop (Bus #107).

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